Master Påvel


It is late in May, a hot and clear morning. The world is shimmering around us, the massive green colors of the trees, and the special smell of a nature turning to life, pollen in the air. Life.

HedrénLundgren and I are heading for the ruins of the southern part of the Kronoberg Region – around the lake Åsnen and the villages Ryd, Tingsryd, Urshult and Rävemåla. The area is well-known for the apple farms, the climate varying from the rest of the area, and Åsnen, partly a national park built up of small bays and islands.

We visit three old, abandoned churches: ÄlmebodaTorpa and Kalvsvik. Älmeboda is the most beautiful, but the history of the poor Torpa church is perhaps more interesting.

The locals had limited interest in the church, many of them chose other churches in the neighborhood for weddings, funerals and services. This obstinate attitude led to an even more complicated relationship between the community and the priests, and the church had to shut down in 1784.

Since the southern area of Region Kronoberg is located close to the former Danish border, ruins of castles, fortifications and barbicans are quite common. You can find Hönshylte Castle, probably a property of the Bishop in Växjö in medieval times, close to Ryd.

In medieval times, it was common to build castles on islands in strategic sounds, a way to monitor the transports. This was the case for the Kungsholmen castle (northwest from Urshult) and the Bosholmen casle (close to Vemboö), both in the lake Åsnen. In order to investigate these ruins you have to take a swim.

The trip consisted of two industrial ruins – the Stenfors ironworks and Master Påvel’s glassworks and mill. Stenfors is a beautiful ruin, close to Tingsryd, highly elaborated compared to most ruins in the region.

Master Påvel’s glassworks and mill is the opposite. You find it far out in the outback, the closest village is Ryd, and it is not much left of the industry – a few stone piles and a foundation wall. The glasswork was used during not more than three years, between 1628 and 1631.

Master Påvel's Glassworks and Mill

It was run by a German or Dutch glassblower, the skilled Master Påvel, and the production was of high class. He started up some more works in the area before he left for Dagö. Estonia.

Another Dimension

A history of mankind 

Information technology, IT, has existed as long as we have had civilizations – bones and pieces of wood with marks for the memory have been used for thousands of years, and advanced systems have developed in relation to complex societies.

Cuneiform on clay tablets was used by the Sumerians for contracts, laws, taxes, stories and so on. The information you wanted to keep or exchange was transformed to data and coded in cuneiform script. The skills (to write and understand the signs) in combination with the technology (clay tablets, wedges) separated the information from time, space and person.

To collect, build new and pass down information is one of the most typical characteristics for the human being. IT is a part of this.

A new dimension

Our world consists of small units. One of the basic units is the atom – the typical size is around 100 picometers (a ten-billionth of a meter). These small things build the universe, the body, the houses, the emotions. That is what chemistry is about.

During the last fifty years, we have added a new unit – the bit. They are not small, they are not even physical – they are a new dimension. We have added a new dimension to the time/space-dimension – the digital dimension. Every place, every emotion, every song, every individual, every time has a digital dimension. From now on, until the end of civilization. Cope with it.

A new economy

Think about Kodak. The company had 140 000 employees. In 2012, two things happened in a few months. Kodak went bankrupt and Facebook bought Instagram for one billion dollars.

The works are gone but the money is still there – Facebook has made a whole bunch of people ten times richer than George Eastman, the founder of Kodak.

A collaborative production

A sharing ideology – six of the most popular content sites in the world are produced by users. It is obvious that a lot of people work without getting paid; the content on Wikipedia, the greatest encyclopedia today, is created by volunteers all over the world. This is a layer in the economy that we never see – it is besides the BNP, besides the bank accounts. Ideas are stronger than objects, thoughts are stronger than matter, bits are stronger that atoms, interaction is stronger that transaction.

A new kind of knowledge

When the machines entered the textile industries in the 18th and 19th century, they were considered as a threat for the economy – the machines are stealing the jobs for the workers! And they did. But at the same time, new professions were born – and the number of workers grew.

Today we are heading a period similar to the first industrial revolution. Abstract thinking, creativity, design competence, and innovation instead of hands on work and routines. The robots are considered as threats – they steal our jobs! And they do. The request for low qualified employees is low, while the request for the high-educated is high.

The shark is old, much older than Homo sapiens, enjoy its smooth movements, try to understand it, but do not bleed.